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Types of cancer that are more likely to occur in people who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common AIDS-related cancers are Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer. People infected with HIV who develop any one of these cancers are considered to have AIDS. Other less common types of AIDS-related cancers include cancers of the mouth, throat, liver, lung, colon, rectum, anus, testes, and skin.
Kaposi sarcoma is a cancer that causes lesions (abnormal tissue) to grow in the skin; the mucous membranes lining the mouth, nose, and throat; lymph nodes; or other organs. The lesions are usually purple and are made of cancer cells, new blood vessels, red blood cells, and white blood cells. Kaposi sarcoma is different from other cancers in that lesions may begin in more than one place in the body at the same time.
Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) is found in the lesions of all patients with Kaposi sarcoma. This virus is also called Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV). Most people infected with HHV-8 do not get Kaposi sarcoma. Those infected with HHV-8 who are most likely to develop Kaposi sarcoma have immune systems weakened by disease or by drugs given after an organ transplant.
There are several types of Kaposi sarcoma, including:
The following tests and procedures may be used:
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
For more information on Kaposi Sarcoma click here
This link is to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer website in the United States. There may be references to drugs and clinical trials that are not available here in Australia.
Page last updated: 30/04/2020