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Most tumours that form in the heart are benign (not cancer). Benign heart tumours that may appear in children include the following:
Before birth and in newborns, the most common benign heart tumours are teratomas. An inherited disorder called tuberous sclerosis can cause heart tumours to form in a fetus or newborn.Malignant tumours that begin in the heart are even more rare than benign tumours in children. Some of these include:
Some cancers, such as rhabdomyosarcoma, melanoma, leukemia, thymoma, and carcinomas, spread to the heart from other parts of the body. These tumours are malignant.
Heart tumours may cause any of the following symptoms. Check with your child’s doctor if you see any of the following problems in your child:
Sometimes heart tumours do not cause any symptoms at all and sudden death may occur.Other conditions that are not heart tumours may cause these same symptoms.Tests to diagnose and stage heart tumours may include the following:
Other tests used to diagnose or stage heart tumours include the following:
Treatment for heart tumours in children may include the following:
For more information on Childhood Cardiac (Heart) tumours click here
This link is to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer website in the United States. There may be references to drugs and clinical trials that are not available here in Australia.
Page last updated: 07/05/2020