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Cancer that forms in tissues lining the oesophagus (the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach). Two types of oesophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the oesophagus) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).
Oesophageal tumours may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Oesophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the oesophagus. The oesophagus is the hollow, muscular tube that moves food and liquid from the throat to the stomach. Most oesophageal tumours in children begin in the thin, flat cells that line the oesophagus.
The stomach and oesophagus are part of the upper digestive system.
Oesophageal cancer may cause any of the following signs and symptoms. Check with your child’s doctor if you see any of the following problems in your child:
Other conditions that are not oesophageal cancer may cause these same symptoms.
Tests to diagnose and stage oesophageal cancer may include the following:
See the General Information section for a description of these tests and procedures.
Other tests used to diagnose oesophageal cancer include the following:
Oesophageal cancer is hard to cure because it usually is not possible to remove the whole tumour by surgery.
Treatment for oesophageal cancer in children may include the following:
See the summary on adult Oesophageal Cancer for more information here
For more information on Childhood Oesophageal Cancer click here
This link is to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer website in the United States. There may be references to drugs and clinical trials that are not available here in Australia.
Page last updated: 06/05/2020